Imagine yourself living in Spain and having the opportunity to explore all the most beautiful and famous landmarks in Spain. Can you imagine yourself on a beach in Costa del Sol or around Granada’s beautiful architecture and historical Alhambra? We know that there are so many famous and stunning Spanish landmarks, and that’s why we decided to put together some of the best Spain landmarks that you need to visit at least once in your life.
We’ll start from the popular Barcelona with the sensational Sagrada Familia, and we’ll end with a cocktail on the warm sandy beaches of Malaga. Make sure to add to your Spanish bucket list all the below incredible landmarks in Spain and be amazed by their speciality and architecture!
Not a simple guide through some interesting facts about Spain, with photos to help you understand how beautiful these places are. Spain historic sites and landmarks for this ultimate guide. A concrete help to build up your map of places to visit in the Iberian peninsula.
Spain landmarks you need to visit
The perfect guide to the best landmarks in Spain
Spain Landmarks Guide
- La Sagrada Familia – Barcelona
- Casa Mila – Barcelona
- Casa Batlló – Barcelona
- Camp Nou – Barcelona
- Parc Güell – Barcelona
- Tibidabo Cathedral – Barcelona
- Museo National del Prado – Madrid
- Temple of Debod – Madrid
- Plaza Mayor – Madrid
- Estadio Santiago Bernabeu – Madrid
- Puerta del Sol – Madrid
- Royal Palace of Madrid – Madrid
- Alcázar de Segovia – Segovia
- Segovia Aqueduct – Segovia
- The wall of Avila
- Hanging House – Cuenca
- Guggenheim Museum – Bilbao
- Ciudad de las Arte y de las Ciencias – Valencia
- Alhambra – Granada
- Cordoba Mosque – Cordoba
- Caminito del Rey – Málaga
- Costa del Sol – Malaga
- Alcazaba – Málaga
- Puente Nuevo – Ronda
- Royal Alcazar – Seville
- Seville Cathedral – Seville
- La Giralda – Seville
- Setas de Sevilla – Seville
- Plaza de Espana – Seville
- Dali Theatre Museum
- Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela
- Tower of Hercules – La Coruña
- Santa María del Naranco Palace – Asturias
- Mount Teide – Canary Islands
- Maspalomas Dunes – Canary Island
- Es Vedra – Ibiza
List of 35 famous landmarks in Spain to discover
Spain Landmarks Map
Incredible landmarks in Barcelona | Beautiful places in Barcelona
Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia and is often seen as a major rival of Madrid, the official Capital city of Spain. The beautiful Barcelona is enchanting, thanks to the richest architecture. For many Barcelona is seen as an open-air museum. To admire the masterpieces of Antoni Gaudì, Joan Mirò you can just walk around a few streets with your nose up to the sky. Our guide covers some of the most incredible landmarks in Barcelona, like the Sagrada Familia, Casa Battlò and many other famous landmarks in Europe. If you want to know more about Madrid, you should check our guides.
La Sagrada Familia – Barcelona
We all know that Barcelona is one of the most beautiful cities in Spain thanks to its architecture and atmosphere. Well, talking about architecture, Barcelona is home to one of the biggest and famous Spain landmarks, La Sagrada Familia. One of Gaudi’s masterpieces, La Sagrada Familia was never completed, although it is today one of the most visited monuments in Barcelona.
This larger, unfinished Roman Catholic basilica, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that stands out in the city of Barcelona.
Casa Milà – Barcelona
Known as La Pedrera, Casa Mila is Gaudi’s masterpiece before La Sagrada Familia. The name La Pedrera was given to this building thanks to its unusual construction, as it has irregular shapes on the facade. Once you visit Casa Mila, you will understand why it’s a famous landmark in Spain. As designed with natural shapes, you won’t find any right angles inside this building.
Casa Batlló – Barcelona
Barcelona is home to Gaudi most famous masterpieces, and Casa Batllo is another of these. Since 1984, Casa Batllo has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site that today offers an amazing journey along a fantastic world inspired by marine life colours and shapes.
Camp Nou – Barcelona
Calling football lovers and not, Camp Nou is Europe’s largest stadium, home to FC Barcelona. A tour of this incredible stadium is a must as you will walk through the entire history of this football team, and you will be able to see the dressing room and even Messi’s six Ballon d’Or! Book here your experience and don’t forget to add Camp Nou to your list of the most famous landmarks in Spain for football lovers!
Parc Güell | Barcelona
If you’re thinking that we are done with Gaudi’s creations, well not this time. Parc Güell is for sure one of the most colourful and creative creations that comes from Antonio Gaudi’s imagination.
Built between 1904 and 1906, Parc Güell is another UNESCO World Heritage Site in Barcelona that attracts tourists from all over the world thanks to its incredible view and photo spots. In fact, Parc Guell is one of the most instagrammable places in Barcelona thanks to its colours and its surroundings.
Tibidabo Cathedral | Barcelona
At the very top of Mount Tibidabo, the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus of Barcelona welcomes tourists from all over the world thanks to its amazing surroundings, spectacular views and great architecture. This Church is considered an important landmark in Spain, and it’s worth adding to your Spanish bucket list.
Did you know that it took quite some time to complete Tibidabo Cathedral? Well, two generations of architects built this incredible cathedral between 1902 and 1961. In fact, as it was built in two phases, you can spot the different architectural styles with different types of stone. You will see the Byzantine crypt and the neo-Gothic church which, combined, make the Church of the Sacred Heart one of the most famous landmarks of Spain.
Dali Theatre & Museum
Dedicated to the famous artist Salvador Dalí and located in his home town in Catalonia, this museum welcomes more than thousands of visitors every year. This incredible museum represents the life and work of Salvador Dalí, the genius of Surrealism, in fact, the Dali Theatre & Museum is described as the world’s largest surrealist object which showcases the different aspects of Dali’s art. Step inside and be amazed by the incredible and captivating world of Salvador Dalí.
If you want to get to know the history behind Dali Theatre & Museum and discover this Spanish landmark, book here your guided tour tickets.
Best Landmarks in Madrid | Beautiful places in Madrid
We did our best to summarize some of the best iconic places to visit in Madrid. The Spanish Capital is one of the most suggestive cities in Europe. Rich in culture, art and architecture, Madrid is a must-visit place in Europe. This shortlist of monuments and locations sorts all the best landmarks of Madrid. If you want to know more about Madrid, you should check our guides.
Museo National del Prado – Madrid
With its 8000 and more paintings from Romanesque mules to the incredible works from Francisco Goya, Prado Museum is today Europe’s best art museum. For sure, thanks to its amazing artworks, Museo National del Prado is one of the best and most visited Spanish landmarks that you can’t miss visiting. You can spend an entire day strolling around the museum and discovering the most impressive paintings. Dedicate just half a day to Prado Museum, as there are so many masterpieces worth your attention. Avoid weekends as are the busiest ones but if you have three days in Madrid pre-book your tickets online and skip the line.
Temple of Debod | Madrid
Considered one of the best Instagram spots in Madrid, the Temple of Debod is even a famous landmark in Spain. Located in Parque de la Montaña, this Egyptian temple dates back to the 2nd century BC and today is one of the perfect places to watch the sunset in Madrid.
This impressive monument was donated by the Egyptians to Spain to save it from floods. To be honest, it’s such an incredible tribute, worth visiting while in Madrid. We couldn’t exclude the Debod Temple from our list of historic landmarks in Spain, even if it is not native to this land.
Plaza Mayor – Madrid
One of the most famous landmarks in Madrid and even one of the greatest piazza – square – is Plaza Mayor. Don’t miss the opportunity to sit in one of the alfresco cafés and grab a beer, or two, while admiring this amazing square. It might be a touristy spot, but there is nothing better than exploring Madrid’s historical heart.
In the middle of Plaza Mayor, you will see the statue of King Felipe III on a horse that is dominating the entire square. With its rectangular shape, Plaza Mayor has got 10 entrances, 9 gates and today is the perfect location to host the annual Christmas markets.
Estadio Santiago Bernabéu – Madrid
For sure, one of the most exciting things to do in Madrid is to visit the famous Santiago Bernabeu Stadium. From the first moment I stepped in, I was already in love. Even if you are not a football lover, book your stadium tour and stroll around its amazing conference room and walk through the entire history of Real Madrid.
You will be able to see where everything started and how the logo was, plus you will admire the beautiful trophies that this team won over the years.
Puerta del Sol – Madrid
Considered one of the busiest and most instagrammable places in Madrid, Puerta del Sol is today one of the most famous places in Spain worth visiting. This is the right time to introduce you to some interesting facts about Spain. Puerta del Sol is not only an iconic Madrid landmark and monument but also a strategic meeting point for locals and tourists.
Known for being the New Year’s Eve location, Puerta del sol has a famous clock whose bells mark the traditional twelve grapes and the beginning of the New Year. If you are planning a trip to Madrid during this time of the year, we suggest you follow this tradition of eating a grape with each clock bell strike at midnight.
Royal Palace of Madrid – Madrid
Built in 1735, the Royal Palace Madrid – known as Palacio Real de Madrid – is the official residence of the Spanish Royal Family. This impressive and stunning palace is for sure one of the most famous landmarks in Spain thanks to its interior Opulent rooms which were decorated with Goya and Velasquez masterpieces.
For sure, during your time in Madrid, the Royal Palace is a must-see! After the famous Versailles in Paris and Shonrunn in Austria, Madrid Royal Palace is the third-largest palace that has got an Italian and Baroque style that today attracts tourists all over the world.
Spain’s Oldest Landmarks
Everyone knows the popular buildings and monuments in Spain, among those the Oldest landmarks in Spain, are the Sagrada Familia, Burgos’ Cathedral, the Alhambra in Granada and the roman aqueduct in Segovia. However, there are many other less well-known monuments ready to be discovered. Check out our guides about Spain.
Alcázar de Segovia | Segovia landmarks
If you are looking for fairytale places in Spain, Alcázar Fortress in Segovia is the place you’re looking for. Built on the top of a rock and with its Medieval story, this Gothic castle is considered a famous Spain landmark. As Segovia is easy to reach from Madrid, we highly recommend planning your day trip from Madrid.
This UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the most characteristic palaces in Spain thanks to its shape, like the bow of a ship.
As the majority of the fortress, the Alcázar of Segovia was built to serve as a fortress, but it served as a state prison, royal palace and Royal artillery college but today is used as a museum and as military archives building.
Segovia Aqueduct | Segovia
If you fell in love with Segovia thanks to its fairytale castle, it’s time to visit one of the most ancient landmarks in Spain, the Segovia Aqueduct. It’s one of the best-preserved examples of Roman architecture in Spain and today is the symbol of the city.
This impressive aqueduct is 200 years old and is still in good condition today. With a total of 167 arches, the aqueduct was built during the Romans within the Flavian dynasty and is the largest aqueduct of the Roman Era in the world.
Plan your day trip from Madrid to Segovia and don’t miss the opportunity to visit one of the best historic landmarks in Spain and excellent examples of Roman architecture.
The wall of Avila
Together with Segovia, Avila is another small, perfect town for a day trip from Madrid. The picturesque town is worth your time, even visiting Madrid for just 3 days. The surrounding area of the Spanish Capital has a lot to offer. The medieval walls of Avila are for sure one of the famous landmarks in Spain worth visiting.
This great monument is attracting tourists from all over, often referred to as “Muralla de Avila” in Spanish, you can find the medieval wall passing by the fabulous Jardin de San Vicente, about 10 minutes walking from the Cathedral of Avila.
Cultural landmarks in Spain | Best things to do in Spain
Often Spain is associated mainly with the beautiful beaches in Andalucia, fun nightlife in Ibiza and awesome sightseeing in the best cities. However, Spain is a land of endless culture, with rich history and legends. Come with us to discover beautiful hidden gems in Spain, unique places named Spanish culture icons.
Hanging House | Cuenca
We discovered Cuenca thanks to our friend and to be honest, it is one of the prettiest cities in Spain that you need to visit. There are so many things to do in Cuenca but this city is famous for its Hanging Houses.
Built on a rock overlooking the Huecar River, the Hanging House of Cuenca is today a UNESCO World Heritage Site that attracts tourists from all over the world.
Locals are proud of this, in fact, when planning your Cuenca itinerary you will see many people strolling around the Hanging Houses and admiring the beautiful surroundings.
Step inside and admire the beautiful interior of the hanging house. Today inside you will find a famous and Michelin awarded restaurant and even a hotel. Add Cuenca to your Spain bucket list of places to visit and admire some of the famous landmarks in Spain!
Guggenheim Museum | Bilbao
This contemporary architectural masterpiece is truly a famous landmark in Spain. Designed by Frank Gehry and built from glass, limestone and titanium, the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao is for sure one of the most impressive buildings you’ll ever see.
Bilbao is for sure an incredible city to visit, but the main attraction that today calls tourists from all around the world is its museum.
Ciudad de las Arte y de las Ciencias | Valencia
After Seville, Valencia is one of our favourite and most beautiful cities in Spain. With its incredible and contemporary buildings, amazing seaside and delicious food, Valencia had a lot to offer. Talking about famous landmarks in Spain, Valencia is known for its futuristic cluster of museums – City of Arts and Sciences – designed by Felix Candela and completed only in 2005.
Ciudad de las Arte y de las Ciencias is for sure one of the best photo spots in Valencia thanks to its amazing architectural buildings. Make sure you step inside the Oceanogràfic as it’s Europe’s largest aquarium, home to more than 500 species of marine life. Literally, it’s the perfect place to spend 2 days in Valencia with kids.
Alhambra | Granada
If you ask anyone that has been to Granada, what are the things that you can’t miss visiting, they will say The Alhambra. It’s for sure one of the most impressive Spanish landmarks that attracts many tourists. This fortress located on the top of the hills of Granada looks up the entire valley and the city since it was first known as the Granada Emirate.
Considered a UNESCO World Heritage Site, The Alhambra was built between 1238 and 1358 which is described by Moorish poets as “a pearl set in emeralds”.
Make sure you plan your trip to Granada in advance, as you will need almost half a day to visit this beautiful landmark in Spain. If you have only 2 days in Granada you can check some of its best viewpoints like Miradouro de San Nicolas. From there you have an incredible view of The Alhambra.
Cordoba Mosque | Cordoba
One of the greatest representations of Spain’s Muslim art is for sure the Great Mosque of Cordoba or often found as the Mezquita, the Cathedral of Cordoba. Built-in 785 this impressive mosque is a labyrinth of columns where you can see the incredible Byzantine mosaic and crafted marble. Until the 13th century, this was a traditional mosque but then the temple was converted to a Catholic cathedral and 8 centuries later still serves as one. From the moment you step inside the cathedral, you will understand why it is considered one of the iconic landmarks in Spain.
Book your skip the line ticket for the Great Mosque of Cordoba and make sure you grab your best outfit as this is one of the best Instagram spots in Cordoba, but also an active worship place.
Caminito del Rey | Málaga
If you are an adventure lover, El Caminito del Rey is one of the most incredible experiences to do in Spain. This iconic hike was reopened in 2015, and before it was considered one of the most dangerous hikes in the world. In fact, during your path, you will see how the original path looked a couple of meters below.
The walk is around 2 hours depending on how many times you will stop. Starting from the Count of Guadalhorce Reservoir to the end of El Chorro Dam, El Caminito del Rey is a spectacular walk that allows you to explore the gorges, canyons, and the valley.
Famous Spanish Landmarks
Costa del Sol – Malaga
Let’s be honest, when talking about famous landmarks in Spain we are not referring only to incredible buildings and important sights. Would you like to know why you should visit Malaga? Check this!
The beautiful and always sunny Costa del Sol is a popular summer destination, and it is located between Costa de la Luz and Costa Tropical in the autonomous community of Andalusia. Discover the best beaches in Malaga and admire the beautiful coastline of Costa del Sol.
Alcazaba – Málaga
Malaga is one of these cities that has it all. From the beautiful beaches in Malaga to the incredible sights, Malaga will be your next favourite holiday destination. Talking about famous landmarks in Spain, we had to include the incredible Alcázar fortress. Built during the Muslim period, the main purpose for this palace was to serve the military thanks to its strategic location which was next to Malaga’s port. Plus, from there you have a clear view of the beautiful city centre.
Together with Gibralfaro, Alcazaba of Malaga is a unique architecture that offers a panoramic view of the city. Don’t forget to bring your camera with you and snap some pictures. If you wish to visit the inside of the Alcazaba you can, but there is a small fee of €1.80 to pay, or you can plan your visit on a Sunday where after 2 PM the entrance is free.
Puente Nuevo – Ronda
We had the pleasure to live in Malaga for an entire summer, and we took this opportunity to explore Ronda. Considered the third most visited town in Andalucia, Ronda is known for one of the famous landmarks in Spain, Puente Nuevo.
This New Bridge connects the old town to the new town, passing by the El Tajo gorge. For a great view and amazing photographic spot, hike down to the gorge and enjoy the bridge from the bottom. Like Avila, also Ronda should be included in the list of beautiful historic landmarks of Spain, thanks to the Roman origins, the stunning architecture, and the whitewashed houses that attract thousands of tourists every year.
Famous places to visit in Spain
Royal Alcázar | Seville
For us, Seville is the most beautiful city in Spain thanks to its incredible landmarks, amazing architecture and bubbly atmosphere. Built for King Peter of Castile on the top of a Muslim fortress, the Royal Alcazar of Seville today is one of the most popular monuments in the city.
Known as one of the most famous landmarks in Spain, in 1987 Royal Alcázar of Seville was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This beautiful example of architecture combines a Renaissance, Gothic, and Romanesque style which, when walking around, will leave you speechless.
Seville Cathedral | Seville
Along with Alcazar Palace, Seville Cathedral was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. This magnificent Roman Catholic cathedral is the fourth-largest church in the world and for sure one of the most visited sights in Seville. This cathedral is an important symbol for the city of Seville, as it represents the figure of the Christian Reconquest over the Moors.
Step inside and admire the beautiful Gothic style of this incredible cathedral and always remember to respect your surroundings as overall, you’re inside a church.
La Giralda | Seville
Formerly the minaret but now the bell tower of the Cathedral, La Giralda is one of the most important and recognizable symbols of the city. Converted into a bell tower of the cathedral only after the Reconquista, La Giralda is for sure one of the most important landmarks in Spain.
Been there since the Middle Ages, the tower was designed by Herman Ruiz II and at the peak of the bell tower, there is a symbol of a Giraldillo which is where the name comes from. If you really want to have a great view over Seville from the rooftop, we suggest you visit these famous landmarks late in the afternoon. Book here your guided tour of the Cathedral, La Giralda and the Alcazar.
Setas de Sevilla | Seville
Known as Metropol Parasol, Las Setas de Sevilla is another famous landmark of Spain that you can’t miss visiting. Let’s say that Seville is all beautiful, so we are just adding a couple of more things to your Seville itinerary.
Designed by the German architect Jürgen Mayer and completed in 2011, this famous site in Sevilleis the largest wooden structure in the world. The structure consists of six parasols with an enormous mushroom form inspired by the vaults of the beautiful Seville Cathedral. Metropol Parasol is organized in four levels where you can find the Antiquarium, the Central Market and even the open-air plaza with a panoramic terrace.
Plaza de Espana | Seville
One of the most beautiful and incredible places in Seville is Plaza de España. Located in Maria Luisa Park, Plaza de España is one of the most visited and famous landmarks in Spain. Built in 1928 for the Ibero-American Exposition, Plaza de España was the main building to showcase Spain’s industry and technology exhibits.
The entire square is literally designed to leave you speechless thanks to its various and colourful tiles and incredible architecture. This square will inspire the majority of your picture.
Take a moment to admire the impressive ceramic painted tiles azulejos in which each of these benches represents a province of Spain. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the best experiences to do in Spain!
Religious Landmarks of Spain
Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela
Spain is famous for many things, for its food, incredible beaches and stunning architecture, but what really stands out as a landmark in Spain is for sure the incredible Santiago de Compostela Cathedral.
This significant religious landmark of Spain is the final stop on the pilgrims’ journey and with its Romanesque, Gothic, Baroque, and even Neoclassical style, today is one of the most visited monuments in Spain.
The beautiful facade is an incredible work of Fernando de Casas y Novoa, and it’s a great example of Spanish Baroque Design.
Tower of Hercules | La Coruña
This incredible lighthouse in La Coruña dates back to the 2nd century, and it’s the oldest undestroyed lighthouse known. Considered a famous landmark in Spain, The Tower of Hercules was an offering to the Roman God of War, Mars, and it has been a headlight on the coastline for many years.
After Faro de Chipiona, the Tower of Hercules is the second-tallest lighthouse in Spain, and you can’t miss visiting during your time in this beautiful country.
This tower is today a National Monument of Spain and since 2009 has been declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Santa María del Naranco Palace | Asturias
This pre-Romanesque Asturian church is one of the oldest landmarks in Spain. Built-in 848 this palace is today a Monument National and in 1985 was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Located on the hillside of Mount Naranco in northern Spain, this palace was originally built as a royal palace, but it also had a religious function and today is one of those famous landmarks in Spain that you can’t miss visiting.
Spain’s natural landmarks
Mount Teide | Canary Islands
The majority of famous landmarks in Spain are cultural monuments that are absolutely worth adding to your Spanish bucket list. I mean, Spain has got many architectural and protected sites that can’t be missed, but this particular volcano deserved to be added to the most famous landmarks of Spain list.
Located in Tenerife on the Canary Island, since 2007, Mount Teide is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and it’s the most natural and incredible wonder in Spain. In fact, Teide National Park, it’s one of the most visited national parks in Europe.
Maspalomas Dunes | Canary Island
For us, Maspalomas Dunes have got a special place in our hearts. We’ve been to Canary Island for our first anniversary, and we straight away fell in love with these incredible Dunes. Located on the south coast of the island of Gran Canaria, Maspalomas Dunes were formed by the wind from the Atlantic Ocean which it was blowing on this coast.
Enjoy the beautiful view from the Dunes and if you want to explore a bit more, head to the Daro Maspalomas which is the lighthouse where Cristoforo Colombo started his trip to discover America.
Es Vedra | Ibiza
Just off the southwest of Ibiza, there are the magical and most instagrammable places in Ibiza, Es Vedra. Considered one of the best sunsets spots in Ibiza, Es Vedra attracts many visitors from all over the world. Recently became one of the must-see sights in Ibiza, Es Vedra is a famous landmark in Spain worth visiting.
Almost 400 meters high, this rocky island is part of Cala d’Hort nature reserve and today offers many viewpoints from the island of Ibiza. In fact, one of the best places to admire it is from Cala d’Hort beach itself or if you wish, you can book a boat trip and admire the sunset from the sea.
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Q&A Landmarks in Spain
What are three historical landmarks in Spain?
These are the top three historical landmarks in Spain:
The Alcazar of Segovia,
Some other popular sites to include are La Sagrada Família and Lugo Roman Walls.
What is the oldest landmark in Spain?
The oldest landmark in Spain is Santa Maria del Naranco Palace in Asturias which was built in 848.
Are there any famous buildings in Spain?
One of the famous buildings in Spain is Sagrada Familia. One of the biggest landmarks in Spain and Europe. Considered the pinnacle of the greatest Antonio Gaudi, La Sagrada Familia is located in the heart of the beautiful city of Barcelona and is a must-see.
What is Spain famous for?
Spain is well known for its tasty food, incredible cultural heritage and beautiful landscapes. Some of the major cities are Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia and Sevilla. The diverse culture, language and traditions, make Spain one of the best places to visit in the world. Enjoy the vibes on some of the craziest celebrations like the Semana Santa and the Noche of Saint Juan in Malaga, Las Fallas in Valencia and La Tomatina in Buñol, or San Firmino in Pamplona.
What is Spain’s national dish?
Paella! Without any doubt, the Paella is the national dish. This particular tasty food is originally from Valencia, but is well cooked everywhere in Spain.
What is the most visited place in Spain?
Barcelona, Madrid, Seville, Palma de Mallorca and Granada